Name of Places
Holy Kaa'ba: The House of Allah in the Holy Mosque in Makkah. The Kaa`ba is the first and the most ancient house of worship ever built for all of humankind and dedicated to the worship of one God.
Qibla: The direction Muslims face to pray.
Rukun-e-Yemeni: The north-western corner of the Kaa’ba faces towards Yemen and this is why it is called Rukun-e-Yemeni (Yemen's Pillar). It is not appropriate to kiss this part during making a circuit of the Holy Kaa'ba.
Hajr-e-Aswad (The Black Stone): It is in the north-eastern corner of the Kaa'ba. This stone is called Hajr-e-Aswad (The Black Stone).
Ibne Abbas narrated that Allah's messenger (PBUH) said: the black stone came down from paradise and was whiter than milk but the sins of the sons of Adam turned it black, Hajjis should kiss it if they get chance.
Multazam: The southern part of the wall between the door of the Kaa'ba and the black stone is called Multazam. Pilgrims embrace this part of the wall.
In a Hadith Prophet (PBUH) said whoever calls Allah upon Al- Multazam, Allah Al mighty will answer his prayer.
Hateem: A short distance away from Kaa’ba towards North there is an open space. The place has small walls around it but there is no ceiling. There is a tradition of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) that suggests that this place was left without a roof because enough wood was not available to cover the entire building of Kaa’ba. A pilgrim should keep this place inside the Tawaaf but it is not right to face this place when offering prayers.
Muqam-e-Ibrahim (Place of Ibrahim) : There is a small round-shaped Monument in front of the door of the Kaa'ba and the Multazam.
This Monument has a stone that was used by Hadrat Ibrahim (A) to stand on to complete the walls of the Kaa'ba. On the Stone there are Ibrahim's foot prints, This is called Muqam-e-Ibrahim (Place of Ibrahim).
After completing the seventh circuit during the pilgrimage, two Raka't of prayer are offered near the Muqam-e-Ibrahim. Allah Almighty said:
وَاتخَذُوا مّنْ مّقَامِ إبْرَاھِیْمَ مصلي ( البقرۃ)
And you people the maqam ( place) of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.
(Al Baqarah 125)
Mutaaf: There is a circle of white stone around the Kaa'ba. This is the place where the circuit of the Holy Kaa’ba is performed during the pilgrimage.
Zam Zam: Zam Zam is the name of the famous well in Al-Masjid Al-Haram, it is situated at a distance of thirty cubits away from Al-kaa'ba this well sprung up when Ismail (Alaihis Al Salaam)as an infant struck the Earth with his heels in thirst, his mother Hazrat Hajra looked for water, but could not find any, she climbed to the top of Mount Safaa and prayed to Allah (SWT) for help, and then she climbed Mount Marwah and did the same.
Allah (SWT) responded to her supplication and sent Jibreel (A) to dig out the well of Zam Zam, it is from the virtues of the Zam Zam that it is situated in Haram, Makkah.
According to the hadith the water of Zam Zam serve the purpose for which it is intended before drinking.
Al-Safaa and Al-Marwah:
Two small hills in Makkah were located in the north of Masjid-Al-Haram. Now these hill shave been flattened. Hadrat Hajrah ran seven times between these two hills in search of food and water. Pilgrims are ordained to follow her footsteps and go to these hills seven times.