We should filter the intent to perform Hajj, to look for the delight of Allah Alone. with a craving for the Hereafter.
We ought to take after the Prophet's (PBUH) illustration, in our words and our deeds (Means The Qur'an and The Hadith)
We should utilize legitimately procured cash to perform Hajj.
We should perform (Five Times Daily Prayer) congregationally as so much as doable.
We should maintain a strategic distance from all haughtiness and have character of unobtrusiveness and humbleness.
We ought to be polite and supportive to each one, take care of old and powerless individuals and spend some cash in donations on the off chance that we can.
We ought to look for absolution from Allah always.
سُبْحَانَ الْذِي سَخَّرَلَنَا ھٰذَا وَ مَا کُنَّا لَہ مُقْرِنِیْنَ وَ إِنَّا إلي رَبِّنَا لَمُنْقَلِبُوْنَ۰ اَللّٰھُمَّ إنِّي أَسْئَلُکَ فِيْ سَفَرِنَا ھٰذَا الْبِرُّ وَالتَّقْوٰی وَ مِنْ الْعَمْلِ مَا تَرضَي، اَللّٰھُمَّ ھَوْنَ عَلَیْنَا سَفَرَنَا ھٰذَا واطوعَنَا بُعْدَہ، اَللّٰھُمَّ أنتَ الصَّاحبُ فی السفرِوَ الْخلِیْفَۃُ فِیْ الأھْلِ، ھٰذا اللّٰھُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوْذُبِکَ مَنْ وَ عَثَاءِ السَّفرِ وکأبۃ الْمَنْظَرِ وَ سُوْءِ الْمُنَقَلَبِ فِيْ الْمَالِ وَالْأھْلِ (المسلم)
Allah is so Great ! Allah is so Great! Allah is so Great! all Glories be to Allah who subdued this (carrier ) to us and we were not capable of subduing it
And verily unto our Lord, we are to return.
O' Allah we approach you this trip of our own for goodness and devotion and for words that are delightful to you.
O' Allah! Make this trip comfortable for us and lessen its length.
O' Allah! You are the escort of the trip and the Trustee of the family.
Miqats are endorsed stations as set for Muslims by Prophet Mohammed (Peace be upon him)
pilgrims going via air from UK must wash up and wear Ahram before coming to the Miqat, however they must make the intent (Niyyat) and call ourt "Talbiyah"
just on coming to the Miqat taking after the declaration. (Saudi Airlines reports about Miqat). In the event that going by other airline, Miqat zone comes
around one hour before landing in Jeddah Airport.
Note: It is not reasonable for pilgrim to go through these recommended stations without wearing Ahram, whether they land by Road, Air or Sea.
Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the previous Umrah. And The reward of Hajj Al Mabroor is nothing but Paradise. (Bukhari and Muslim)
Pillars of Umrah
1. Ahram with the Intention.
3. Sa'i between Al Safaa and Al Marwah.
Obligation of Umrah
1. Ahram From Miqat.
2. Shaving or cutting the hair
Qibla: The direction Muslims face to pray.
Rukun-e-Yemeni: The north-western corner of the Kaa’ba faces towards Yemen and this is why it is called Rukun-e-Yemeni (Yemen's Pillar). It is not appropriate to kiss this part during making a circuit of the Holy Kaa'ba.
Hajr-e-Aswad (The Black Stone): It is in the north-eastern corner of the Kaa'ba. This stone is called Hajr-e-Aswad (The Black Stone).
Ibne Abbas narrated that Allah's messenger (PBUH) said: the black stone came down from paradise and was whiter than milk but the sins of the sons of Adam turned it black, Hajjis should kiss it if they get chance.
Multazam: The southern part of the wall between the door of the Kaa'ba and the black stone is called Multazam. Pilgrims embrace this part of the wall.
In a Hadith Prophet (PBUH) said whoever calls Allah upon Al- Multazam, Allah Al mighty will answer his prayer.
Hateem: A short distance away from Kaa’ba towards North there is an open space. The place has small walls around it but there is no ceiling. There is a tradition of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) that suggests that this place was left without a roof because enough wood was not available to cover the entire building of Kaa’ba. A pilgrim should keep this place inside the Tawaaf but it is not right to face this place when offering prayers.
Muqam-e-Ibrahim (Place of Ibrahim) : There is a small round-shaped Monument in front of the door of the Kaa'ba and the Multazam.
This Monument has a stone that was used by Hadrat Ibrahim (A) to stand on to complete the walls of the Kaa'ba. On the Stone there are Ibrahim's foot prints, This is called Muqam-e-Ibrahim (Place of Ibrahim).
After completing the seventh circuit during the pilgrimage, two Raka't of prayer are offered near the Muqam-e-Ibrahim. Allah Almighty said:
وَاتخَذُوا مّنْ مّقَامِ إبْرَاھِیْمَ مصلي ( البقرۃ)
And you people the maqam ( place) of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.
(Al Baqarah 125)
Mutaaf: There is a circle of white stone around the Kaa'ba. This is the place where the circuit of the Holy Kaa’ba is performed during the pilgrimage.
Zam Zam: Zam Zam is the name of the famous well in Al-Masjid Al-Haram, it is situated at a distance of thirty cubits away from Al-kaa'ba this well sprung up when Ismail (Alaihis Al Salaam)as an infant struck the Earth with his heels in thirst, his mother Hazrat Hajra looked for water, but could not find any, she climbed to the top of Mount Safaa and prayed to Allah (SWT) for help, and then she climbed Mount Marwah and did the same.
Allah (SWT) responded to her supplication and sent Jibreel (A) to dig out the well of Zam Zam, it is from the virtues of the Zam Zam that it is situated in Haram, Makkah.
According to the hadith the water of Zam Zam serve the purpose for which it is intended before drinking.
Al-Safaa and Al-Marwah:
Two small hills in Makkah were located in the north of Masjid-Al-Haram. Now these hill shave been flattened. Hadrat Hajrah ran seven times between these two hills in search of food and water. Pilgrims are ordained to follow her footsteps and go to these hills seven times.
1. The Ahram
If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Hajj, he should cut pubic hair and take a bath as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is no harm to use tooth brush and paste or soap for bath after Ahram. Bathing for Ahram is Sunnah for both men and women,
Ahram for Men
Two-piece garment of Ahram (Tahband and Rida) which preferably should be of white cloths. He shouldn't wear sewn garments such as a shirt, turban, under shirt, under wear, socks or gloves etc.
There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars concerning footwear (for men) in Ahram: The Hanafi scholars says that the Medial Cuneiform Bone should be uncovered.
The majority of scholars (Maliki, Shafi and Hanbali) agree that only the Ankle Bones (Malleoli) need to be unconvered. (Suggested footwear. Flip flops or sandals)
Ahram for Women:
Women should not do makeup, and she may wear any clothes available as long they do not display her adornments. She should be completely covered except for her face and hands.
Then he /she prays the obligatory prayer,
If it is time. Otherwise, he / she makes his/ her intention by praying the two Nafil Rakats, Make Niyat by saying " Labbayka Hajjan" or Labbayka Allahumma Hajjan wa Umratan .
If he /she fears that something will prevent him from completing his /her Hajj he/ she should make a condition when he /she makes his intentions, saying:
If any thing prevents me to complete the Umrah, my place is where that thing obstructed me to complete.
When he /she finishes he should say:
وَالمُلْک لاَ شَرِیکَ لَک ۔
Labbek Allah hummah labbek lebbek la-shrika laka labbek, Innal hamdah wannematah, laka wal mulko laa shrikah lak.
Here I am at your service, O' Lord, here I am no partner do you have. here I am partner do you have. here I am Truly, the praise and the favor is yours, and the dominion no partner do you have.
Men should utter this aloud while women should say it silently. He/she should also ask Allah for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allah's mercy from Hellfire.
One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah as often as possible, starting from the time to time he make Niyat till he starts Tawaf.
Upon reaching the Holy Mosque in Makkah, The Pilgrim should advance his /her right foot first and say :
In the name of Allah and blessing and peace be upon Allah's Messenger seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and his noble countenance and his eternal power from Satan.
When He /She approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it. It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people. When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following supplication
نَبِیْکَ مُحَمَّدَ صَلَّی اللّہُ وَ عَلَیْہِ وَ سَلَّم-
"In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. O' Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH)."
Apart from this supplication, it is highly creditable if the pilgrim recites the following dua in the Tawaf:
Allah is Holy. Allah is praise - worthy. there is no deity save Allah and Allah is great. And Allah is omnipotent. (Ibn Majah).
A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Kaa'bah on his left. When he reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say:
"Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. O' Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter."
Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say:
"Allah is the Greatest."
During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things.
a). Al-ldhtebaa' from the beginning of Tawaf until the end of Tawaf. Al-ldhtebaa' means placing the middle of one's Reda' under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder.
b) . Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one's pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace. During his last four circuits. During the remainder of this Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, and sa'i have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah.
4. Two Rakats of Tawaf
When he /she completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam-e-Ibrahim and recites:
"And keep the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer" [2:125].
He / She prays two short Rakats, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam-e-Ibrahim.
During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas[Chapter 112].
5.Al- Hajar Al-Aswad
After performing the two rakats of Tawaf, the Holy prophet (PBUH) returned to the corner of kaaba and kissed the black Stone A narration says that he merely touched it.
6.Zam Zam Water
Zam Zam water is the name of the famous well in Al-Masjid Al-Haram, it is situated at a distance of thirty cubits away from Ka'aba.
"Musnad Ahmad" says that after the two rakats of Tawaf the Holy prophet (PBUH) drank water of Zam Zam and poured it over his head and then he went to touch the Black stone. The Holy prophet (PBUH) drank Zam Zam water standing but this does not indicate that a person, while sitting should get up to drink Zam Zam water, because there is no command in this regard.
Abdullah Iben Abbas used to insist on people to drink Zam Zam water in three breaths; he also used to recite the following supplication after drinking Zam Zam water.
O' Allah ! I ask earnestly the beneficial knowledge, the excessive provisions and healing against all the suffering and disease.
When he completes the two Rakaat he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa'a and when he nears As-Safaa he recites.
Indeed Safaa and Marwah are among the signs of Allah. So whoever performs Hajj or Umar there is no harm in walking between them. And (for) whoever happily performs further righteous deeds, Allah is most appreciative and all knowing.
There is no deity save Allah. There is no deity but Allah alone he has no partner. to him belong the dominion. to him praise is due and he is omnipotent. There is no deity but Allah alone who fulfilled his promise helped his servant and routed the confederates.
He then made supplication in the course of that saying such word three times. He next descended and walked towards Al- Marwah and when, he ran between to
green lights and he walked till he reached Al-Marwa and could see the ka'abah. There he does as he had done at Al-Safaa. He ran between Al-Safaa and Al-Marwah seven times repeating the aforesaid supplication and finally ended at Al-Marwah.
8.Shaving or Cutting Hair:
On Completion of Sa'i he shaves his head or shortens his hair. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.
With that, Umrah is completed. if the a pilgrim is performing Hajj Tamttu he is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations etc.
We should not shave or trim any hair of the body. (However, it is reasonable for us to clean ourselves , regardless of the fact that some of hair fall accidentally.
We should not cut nails whether of the hands or the feet.
We should not utilize perfumes,
We should not do intercourse and maintain a strategic distance from whatever prompts it, for example, kissing, looking, touching with craving or getting
married ,and so on.
We should not be marry or propose to a lady for Marriage ourselves or by others.
We should not wear gloves.
We should not chase or kill animal for food.
We should not cut trees or grass.
The confinements of Ahram for men
He should not cover his head, however there is no harm in the utilization of an umbrella or in conveying his stuff on his head.
He should not wear sewn articles of clothing. For example, a Shirt ,Turban, Trousers, Undershirt, Underwear, or Shoes. Also, it is passable for him to wear
sandals , rings ,glasses.
The Restrictions of Ahram for ladyA lady should not wear a Niqab or Burqa'. The Sunnah is for her to reveal her face.
Haram: Makkah and its encompassing regions are called Haram. Haram has distinctive limits. These limits reach out to three miles on one side, seven on the >other and nine miles towards Jeddah. Inside of these limits of Haram it is illegal to chase, trouble any creature, or to cut grass or trees. One is allowed >to execute perilous creatures like snakes, scorpions, rats or creatures with rabies (dogs, and so forth.) >Masjid-Al-Haram: Around the Kaa'ba is a mosuque that has a rectangular shape with adjusted corners. Pilgrims say prayers in this mosque by making round columns and face towards the Kaa'ba.
The Ahram: Ahram implies putting on an un sewn two-piece article of clothing comprising of a Tahband and a Rida and the pilgrim ought to wear no different garments.
لَا شَرِیْکَ لَکَ۔
(Labbek Allah humma labbek, labbek Lasharika laka labbek, innal Hamda wannematah Laka wal mulko Lasharika Lak).
Here I am at your administration, O' Lord; here I am no accomplice do you have. Here I am Truly, the recognition and the support is yours, and the territory no accomplice do you have.
Al-ldhtebaa: Means setting the center of one's Rida' under his right arm and the finishes of it over his left shoulder, from the earliest starting point of
Tawaf until the end.
Tawaf-Al-Wadaa: (Farewell Tawaf.) Last Tawaf at last, when you are leaving Makkah.
Al-Raml: Al-Raml implies accelerating one's pace with little strides, amid the initial three circuits, A pilgrim ought to stroll at a typical pace amid his last four circuits.
Estalam: He/She approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. On the off chance that this isn't possible, he can point and face towards it.
Sa'i: The walk between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah.
2. Masjid Al Khaif.
4. Masjid Mashe'eril Haram
6. Masjid Al- Nimrah
8. Masjid Tan'im (Masjid Aysha/Masjid Miqat.)
9. Masjid Al Jinn
10. The Mount of Thawor (Sour)
11. The Mount of Hira (Ghar-e-Hira)
12. House of Prophet PBUH (Moulud Al Nabi)
13. Makkah University
Virtues of Madina Munawwarah:
Madina Munawwarah is one of the most beloved places to Allah the Exalted, because of the following merits It is the land of Prophet Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) migration, it is his choice, its people are his neighbors and supporters. It is the land of receiving Revelation [Wahi]. There is no place in Madinah that has not had Qur'anic verses or Prophet's hadith revealed or said therein. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) used to say:
اَللّٰھُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَیْنَا الْمَدِیْنَۃِ کَحُبِّنَا مَکَّۃ اَوْ اَشَدُّ (متفق علیہ)
O’ Allah makes Madina beloved to us as we love Makkah or more.
In Islam, the Prophet's ( PBUH) Mosque is second in rank with regard to merit and status in Allah's sight. The same applies to the reward for the worshipers and those heading there. The Prophet( peace be upon him) said:
لا تَشُدُ الرِحال إلاإلی ثَلاثَة مَساجِد ، المسجد الحرام ، ومسجدي ھذا ،
والمسجد الأقصی (متفق علیہ)
Do not undertake a journey, but to one of the three Mosques: the Sacred Mosque, this Mosque of mine, and Al-Aqsa Mosque."
It has been narrated that performing prayers in the Prophet's Mosque is of great merit and reward. The Prophet ( PBUH) said:
صَلاة فی مَسجدی ھَذا أفضل مِن ألف صَلاة فِیما سِواہ الا المسجد الحرام
و صلاة فی المسجد الحرام افضل من مائة ألف صلاة فیما سواہ (متفق علیہ)
“Prayer in this Mosque of mine is a thousand times more excellent than a Prayer in any other mosque except the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah).”
Visiting the Prophet's Mosque
Going to Madina at any time with the intention of visiting the Prophet's Mosque is a sunnah, as is performing salah in it.
There is no Ahram or Talbiyah for the visiting to the Prophet's Mosque, upon reaching the mosque, pray two Rakats of Tahaiya-tul-Masjid or perform any obligatory prayer that is due.
Note: One should enter first by his right foot and supplicate saying
اَللّٰھُمَّ حَبِّبْ إِلَیْنَا الْمَدِیْنَۃِ کَحُبِّنَا مَکَّۃ اَوْ اَشَدُّ (متفق علیہ)
O’ Allah, Open for me the doors of your Mercy.
The Prophet's Grave (Roza-al-Mubarak)
A visitor should not raise his voice in the Mosque as a sign of politeness with the Messenger of Allah ( peace be upon him).
Lowering one's voice is also a sign of obedience to the words of the Almighty Allah,
“O ye who believe! Raise not your voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak loud to him in talk, as ye may speak aloud to one another, lest your deeds become vain and ye perceive not. Of those who lower their voices in the presence of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) their hearts has Allah tested for piety: for them is forgiveness and a great reward.”
Thus, it is a warning to those who raise their voices in the presence of Allah's Messenger (PBUH) that Allah will render their deeds vain and avoid them and will not reward them.
It has been narrated that Hadrat Abu Bakr Al-Siddique (A) used to say, “There should be no raising of voices in the presence of a prophet, whether dead or alive.”
1. When the visitor finishes the greeting rak`ahs, he should go to the Honored Apartment, face the grave of the Prophet (PBUH) and greet him, saying,
"Peace be upon you, O’ Messenger of Allah. Peace be upon you, O’ the dearest one to Allah.
Peace be upon you, O’ the best of His creation.
I bear witness that you indeed have delivered the message (of Allah), discharged your trust, advised the Muslim community, and strived hard in the cause of Allah until there came unto you the Hour that is certain.”
2. Then, he takes a step to the right and greets Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq saying,
“Peace be upon you, O’ Abu Bakr.
Peace be upon you, O’ Second of the two who were in the Cave. Peace be upon
you, O’ Successor of Allah's Messenger (PBUH).”
3. Then, he takes another step to the right and greets Hazrat Umar Al-Farooq saying:
Peace be upon you, O’ Amir of the Believers.
Peace be upon you, O’ Abu Hafsa.
Peace be upon you, O’ Eliminator of Sedition.”
4. Then, he faces the Qiblah, with his back to the Honoured Apartment, and while leaving a place for others, invokes Allah for his welfare both in this world and in the Hereafter.
1. The Quba Mosque
2. Janat ul Baqi (Gardens of Paradise)
3. Masjid Qiblatain.
4. Place of Ghazwa-e-Uhud
5. Place of Ghazwa-e-Khandaque
6. King Fahad Qura’an Printing Complex.
7. Madina University.
||Khamsa ta Ashr||Fifteen|